Beaver hunting with pass-through traps
For a long time, beaver hunters used only trail traps. They are quite catchy, easy to handle and install. The only significant drawback of them can be recognized as a certain number of prolovov, due to the inability and negligence of setting samolov.
When trapping and (or) shooting hunting animals, it is prohibited to use standard leg-grabbing holding traps with steel arcs for trapping a wolf, raccoon dog, raccoon polosun, lynx, badger, forest marten, sable, ermine, otter, beaver, muskrat, except for trapping a wolf in order to regulate its number.
Currently, pressure traps are becoming more common. The most famous of them is the KP 250 “Koniber”, developed in Kirov in Vnioz. It is intended for catching beaver and otter.
In contrast to the trace, it has a number of advantages. If it is installed correctly, samolov grabs the animal by the neck or by the neck and torso. The caught animal dies quickly within a few minutes, and it does not matter where the trap was set – on land or in water. When using them, there are almost no cuts.
Many hunters are faced with this problem — there are many traces of the beaver’s life activity on the reservoir (vylazy, trails, transitions), but because of the shallow water of the reservoir or its clutter, it is not possible to catch it. Here in such places, a crushing trap is indispensable. In addition, such devices, along with trace ones, help to fully master the reservoir.
On small beaver dams, there is another problem: there are not enough places to set trail traps, but it is a very difficult task to set them in the channels, at the entrance to the burrows or hut. On the contrary, in large settlements, there may be more than a dozen vylazov and trails, all of them may be visited unevenly and rarely, which means that a large number of traps is necessary,but not all have so many. In both cases, a pressure trap will be useful.
In each settlement, beavers use the same permanent routes to move around the dam. In such suitable places, they are installed.
Main installation locations and methods
1) On the channels
The most convenient place for catching beaver KP. In autumn, the animals actively prepare food for the winter, when there is a lack of it, they break through numerous wide and narrow channels leading to”logging areas”.
When setting in narrow channels, make sure that there are no branches or other objects in the area of the frames that prevent them from working correctly.
Initially, two stakes are driven into the selected location, taking into account the free attachment of the spring rings. In wide channels, the device is installed at its center — the deepest place. The remaining free passages, between the plane and the banks of the channel, must be closed with stakes, while it is desirable that the trap was completely submerged to the input. Put on top of the pole, unlike the muskrat, the beaver prefers to duck under obstacles.
In a narrow, but deep channel, we do without vertical poles, it is enough only to block the passage with branches.
If the channel is deeper than 60-70 cm, then two traps are installed on top of each other at once.
When a muskrat lives in a beaver pond, it can cause frequent triggering of idle traps, only very large specimens can get into it. The fact that this animal uses the channels of the beaver for their needs, often swimming out of hiding before it.
2) at dam crossings
Each dam has a passage through it into a river or the next dam. It is always located in the center of a blocked channel or channel. In large settlements, there are two, three or more dams, all of which are visited unevenly by beavers. The greatest probability of getting an animal into a trap will be on the main dam, it is distinguished by its daily use, the highest height, length, and the presence of a hut or residential burrow in this dam.
To install the “Conibera” here, fences are arranged on both sides of the exit from the water, and a trap is set in the remaining lumen.
Trapping on dams and sorties
These can be installed on both sides of the dam.
3) On the outing
It is produced in the same way as when installed on a dam.
4) At the exit of a burrow or hut
In the event that there are several exits, we try to determine which one is used most often, set the CP near it, and block the rest with poles.
For its alertness, next to the burrow, we drive two stakes, on which it is attached.
Beaver in a trap at the exit of the hole
5) In the fence
This method is very effective after snow falls or ice is set on the reservoir. The animals dramatically reduce their access to the shore, but continue to swim along their routes. We choose a not very wide place, it is desirable that a fallen tree is thrown over it, if it is not there, you will have to cut down and throw it yourself.
On the Bank, we put together a ladder from the poles, in the upper part, where the trap will stand, we make a window. The upper cross pole is made longer, taking into account the fact that it will be put on the rings of springs. A ladder with a wary plane is installed in a deep place, in the remaining gaps on both sides, we arrange a fence.
Use in winter
In autumn, some reservoirs can not be fished due to difficult conditions: the lack of a road to it, the clutter of the reservoir, shallow water and deep water, topkost, etc. in Winter, the task is easier. With the help of pressure traps, you can continue fishing here.
First of all, with the help of fences, we block the permanent paths along which beavers move — these are approaches to the hut, burrows and underwater food supplies.
It also makes sense to set a trap under the ice with a bait. For this purpose, the staircase and fence are made of fresh deciduous trees with branches: aspen, alder and willow. They will attract animals.
When setting a pass-through trap, you need to follow a number of General rules:
The stakes on which the samolov is put on must be firmly driven into the bottom or attached to the fence.
It is better if the poles on which it is attached are made of coniferous wood.
The trap is additionally attached to the stake using a cable (chain) after installation.
It is better to guard it on the shore, and after it is cocked, secure the safety hooks.
Before leaving, check whether the springs are released from the safety hooks.