Hunting for ROE deer in winter skradom
This, perhaps the most difficult type of hunting for ROE deer, is somewhat simplified in winter, because the animal is searched for on well-marked tracks. This allows you to sometimes get it even on a one-day trip, without prior preparation. Under normal conditions, you can’t do without it. Most often, when hunting with a skrad, the ROE deer is taken at feeding sites or during the day. In any case, you should determine in advance such places, which can take more than one day, unless you are a local resident. Yes, and guess the weather: in a clear and windless successful hunting-a big question.
Usually ROE deer fatten on the plain in cheplyzhnik (young aspen), thickets of hazel and elm, located on the edges of fields, on willow-covered rivers, and in taiga areas on overgrown cuttings, forest clearings, forest edges. During daylight hours, ROE deer do not appear, preferring to go out to feed after dark. If the ROE deer are not too bothered, then the animals go out to feed at the morning or evening dawn.
The tracking of the deer
In winter, the hunter puts on camouflage clothing, looking for fresh traces of ROE deer in the snow. It is important to be able to determine the freshness of the traces left from the moment of the animal’s passage to their detection. The accuracy of the definition is developed in practice. Every hunter should know the General signs of a “fresh” trail in the snow.
A fresh trail, as a rule, does not have time to freeze and crumble from the touch of something. Yesterday’s trail is easily thrown out in a lump. On the surface near the fresh print, separate grains of snow sparkle, which are easily blown away. Later, some of them evaporate, and the remains freeze to the snow, after which the surface fades.
The direction of the ROE deer is recognized by the hoof prints, as well as by the snow emissions directed in the direction of movement. If the herd grazes quietly, it leaves behind forays or transitions in the form of zigzags from one plant to another. If the animals go to rest, they move in one direction at a time, while the frightened ones move in long leaps. They leave large depressions from all four hooves in the deep snow. If the animal is injured, the prints of the tracks differ from those of a healthy animal by the large gap between the hooves in one track. The impotent animal does not hold the hooves together, and therefore they disperse, as when moving on loose soil.
Hunters need to know the above signs in order to track, hide, and track down a wounded animal. If the tracks of a grazing herd of ROE deer are fresh, then you should stop and take a good look at all areas of possible feeding. Then, with caution and without haste, with frequent stops, examine the area and trail the animals on the trail. If places are difficult to inspect, it is recommended to avoid them, from the leeward side. It is not always possible to notice ROE deer on feeding. If they went in large leaps, then you should immediately follow the tracks and wait until they calm down and go back to the step.
In this case, the hunter will have to go slowly and carefully, and examine all suspicious places and objects. If there is a thaw and a strong wind, then it is easier to hide the grazing herd, because the noise of the forest drowns out the sounds. In this weather, it is easier to approach the beast at a reliable distance of 20-30 meters. However, in this weather, ROE deer rarely go out into the open. They mostly hide in the thicket of the forest, in reeds or in dense bushes.
It is rare to get close to a resting animal. In this case, it is important to carefully prepare for the shot, and then break the pre-prepared twig in your hand to attract a curious ROE deer. She will want to know the reason for the crunch, get up from the bed and listen. This is the best moment for a shot.
Weapons and ammunition for ROE deer
Basically, when hunting ROE deer, rifled weapons are now used. According to the law, it must have a caliber of at least 5 millimeters, the upper limit is not limited. Therefore, among the recommendations can be found as carbines under .222 Rem, and 9, 3×72. Although hunting practice shows that when hit “in place” at distances up to 200 meters “three twos” the average run of a ROE deer does not exceed 30 meters. At the same time, tissue damage remains minimal. However, the bullet hole is quite quickly tightened, which does not contribute to the search for a wound, if this happens.
Universal calibers-derivatives of the 30-th-ROE are highly effective in the absolute majority of cases. Especially with jacketed hollow-point bullets. All the bigger ones, all the more so. The latter, due to the not too flat trajectory, are not very suitable for a running animal, but this is not our case.
Quite strange looks restriction on such cartridges when hunting ROE deer in most countries of “old Europe”. A favorite domestic 7, 62×39 is generally ostracized. But this is only at first glance. This approach is associated with a very careful attitude to traditions, which leads to the rejection of rifled semi-automatic machines in General. Chatter, and only it-that’s the choice of a real hunter! As for the current opinion about the unsuitability of smoothbore guns for hunting by skrad, we, comrades, are a little stuck. Somehow, our fathers and grandfathers hunted with them not even for decades, but for hundreds of years. And many continue to do so now.
On ungulates, the law “strongly recommends” using only bullet cartridges with guns, allowing the use of buckshot just for ROE deer, as well as fallow deer and musk deer.
The size is from 5.8 mm, but the best option is a coordinated “wolf” 6.2 mm. Although there are cases, and many, of successful use of even the fraction “0000”. However, with rifle hunting, the distance of a confident shot will have to be reduced significantly. And this is only possible for an experienced hunter who can also move silently in any area. Especially in windless or, even worse, frosty weather.