With a rifle on a grouse
Unfortunately, the once extremely common 5.6 mm ring-fired rifles are included in the review mainly for comparison of technical characteristics. Now they are completely in the pen, sometimes inexplicable restrictions on the types of game almost more than Pneumatics.
Not so long ago, “melkashki” were found almost in every closet or sofa, teenagers began to join the hunt with them. Basically, it was a legacy of very very gray times, when they were really sold in any village without any permits. Fortunately, due to the use of a leisurely lead bullet with a minimum of care, there was virtually no wear on the barrel. Well, in unknown ways, they seeped into the people from the shooting galleries of DOSAAF and other similar organizations. The same is true with cartridges, the deficit was only yellow target.
Now units from the” coming out ” five-year hunting period will buy such a rifle as the first rifled weapon. It’s better to take it right away .223-.243 or even universal 30-th with a wide range of ammunition. It would be much more reasonable to equate the “melkashka” with a smoothbore. Just for the education of the notorious “culture of handling weapons”, the absence of which is usually referred to to justify any restrictions. Especially since most real hunters and experts are able to compare the amount of potential damage at a 100-meter distance, say, from a Sovestra bullet and small-caliber bullets. Yes,.22LR fly further, but even they when shot horizontally poke the ground after 150 meters. In the meantime, the novice begins to get acquainted with the “rifled”, acquiring much more serious samples, up to the” Tiger-9 ” or rifles .378 from “Weatherby”. What kind of grouse there are… but the rifles available to the beginner as the first hunting weapon in General, still exist. We are talking about Pneumatics.
The grouse is the most desirable prey of a hunter with an air rifle. In addition, only the wild pigeon can be of interest. other types of animals that are allowed to hunt with ” air ” are more suitable for deratization services – gophers, hamsters, chipmunks…
Since we are talking about rifles, we will leave aside the hunt for a car, and in other cases we will have to restrain reflex shooting in flight. Including in winter: a little patience, and the grouse that fluttered out of the hole will almost certainly sit on the nearest tree. In fact, almost all types of hunting are available to the shooter: from the approach, with a decoy, from under the dog, in the latter case – again, only on the birds raised and seated on the branches. Taking a grouse at classic distances of up to 40 meters with an air rifle, especially with an optical sight, is not difficult. When using pre-inflated Pneumatics (PCP), preferably 22-gauge (5.5 mm), they can be safely increased to seventy meters.
It is much easier to shoot and hit from it than from a spring-piston one. In terms of energy, most of the relatively inexpensive models are weaker than the “melkashka”, but at short distances they can even be redundant for a 400-gram bird. In addition, they are usually multi-charged.
These are advantages. Among the disadvantages, the price is unaffordable at the present time – from 40 to 150 thousand rubles, depending on the manufacturer and model. In the 177th caliber (4.5 mm), prices start from 35 thousand, and the ceiling is lower. In addition, you will need mandatory accessories-cylinders or a pump, which also does not help raisins. Given the extremely limited use, the choice of such weapons is more for people of the wealthy.
On the photo: “Evanix Avalanche Wood»
Secondly, the average PCP weighs half as much as the same “Kite”, which is not very healthy for running hunting.
And, finally, minus the third. According to current legislation, the” power ” of a hunting air gun must be in the range of 7.5 to 25 joules. Rifles from 3 to 7.5 joules of 4.5 mm caliber are sold without a license, but they are civil weapons and have some restrictions. Less than 3 joules is a toy. So, since any PCP-rifles initially exceed the upper hunting bar, they are implemented in a monstrously weakened version: 4.5 mm caliber – up to 7.5, 5.5 caliber-up to 3 joules in General. With the issuance of appropriate certificates. It is clear that by simple manipulations, the original force can be returned in five minutes, but imagine the surprise of an employee of the licensing system, who is asked to register a 2.7-Joule toy as a hunting weapon.
Get out any way they can. Some manufacturers (sellers) managed to certify their products in Russia. Apparently, it costs a pretty penny, so the state weapons Inventory of hunting PCP rifles contains exclusively imported, almost the most expensive and powerful in the original version, samples-of course, all “up to 25 joules”. And also a little bit of almost the cheapest spring-piston rifles.
The latter are worth talking about. The Inventory includes Turkish “Hatsans”, Spanish “Comets”, as well as “murki” 4.5 and 5.5 mm – “magnums” Mr-512M and “supermagnums” Mr-513M (in the photo below). Izhevsk can be purchased and registered in the usual way without any problems.
In principle, in the same row with them are thousands of purchased hunters without a license 4.5-millimeter “Dian” and “Gamo”, “Khatsanov” and “SMERSH”, “Stoedzherov” and “Krosmanov”. In real power, they are about twice as weak as any PCP (“Magnum” – 20-25 j,” supermagnum ” – up to 33). Will this be enough even for a small grouse? Quite. Here’s the thing. In hunting, game often falls from a single “Golden” shot/buckshot. Sometimes you can’t find the entrance hole at once, as if the animal died of a heart attack. And this is with regular ammunition. For grouse-fraction number 5 and even number 7.
Pellets of 4.5 mm caliber in terms of weight and size characteristics approximately correspond to fractions from ” 00 ” to “000” (hare, Fox, capercaillie). And if a single shot on the trunk section exceeds the bullet in speed/energy, then this difference is first leveled with increasing distance, and then changes the sign (for the” supermagnum”, of course, earlier). This is the advantage of rifled weapons, which include almost all long-barreled Pneumatics.
In principle, a 20-Joule Magnum is able to take a large hare – when shot in the head (as evidenced by the selection of videos presented below). Another thing is that the parameters of any weapon intended for obtaining a particular type are calculated based not on the “sniper” abilities, but on the capabilities of the average shooter. So, if you focus on the legal “up to 25 joules”, grouse for a hunter with Pneumatics is really the most desirable and very real prey.