How to behave when meeting a bear
“…residents of the region in the event of bears appearing in dangerous proximity can immediately contact the state Inspectorate to send inspectors to the scene. It is their responsibility to determine the degree of danger of the predator, and if necessary, their duty to “settle” the situation with a well-aimed shot.»
(from the official’s speech)
The brown bear is the largest predator that lives in the Ural taiga. Its weight can exceed 600 kg. Powerful forelimbs, equipped with long claws, have a great destructive force-a blow of the paw of the bear is able to break the spine, tear out the ribs or break the bones of the skull of the moose. A bear can bite through the barrels of a smoothbore gun with its teeth. With the apparent massiveness, the bear is a very “agile” animal. In a dash, it reaches a speed of 60 km / h, and from the spot.
There is a lot of it in the circumpolar Urals, especially along the banks of rivers. This is his country, his hunting grounds, and he is the master here, not the man.
How to avoid a bear
If you are traveling alone on the bear’s property, and even more so on the river Bank, where there is a lot of talc, let us know about ourselves. Especially where the landscape or vegetation complicates visibility. Make noise, sing, talk loudly, or tie a bell to your backpack. If possible, travel with the group. Groups make more noise, and it’s easier for bears to recognize them. Avoid dense bushes. If you can’t, try to walk so that the wind blows from your back and the bear can smell you. Contrary to popular belief, bears see almost as well as people, but trust their nose more than their eyes or ears. Always let the bear know that You are here.
Don’t crowd the bears
Like humans, bears use paths and roads. Don’t set up a tent near a path that they can follow. Avoid places where you can smell dead fish, animals, or see animals feeding on carrion. There may be food for the bear, and if it is nearby, it can aggressively protect the cache (nychka). As a rule, in such places the bear is a rookery – maturation.
Give the bear as much free space as possible. Some bears are more tolerant than others, but each has its own “personal space” — the distance within which it feels threatened. If you are in this area, the bear may react aggressively. When photographing animals, use telephoto lenses, approaching for close-up shots, you may find Yourself in this dangerous area.
Cleanliness is the key to health
Bears only have 7 months to accumulate fat before a long winter hibernation. Don’t let them know that human food or garbage is easy prey. It is foolish and dangerous to feed bears, and leave food or refuse that attracts them.
Prepare food away from your tent. Keep all food and food away from the camp. Hang products so that the bear can’t get them. If there are no trees, store food in sealed or special containers. Remember that dogs and their food can also attract bears.
Keep the camp clean. Wash the dishes. Do not use strong-smelling products, such as bacon or smoked fish. Don’t let your clothes smell like food. Burn garbage at the fire, burn tin cans. Food and garbage attract the bear equally, so treat them properly. Dumping garbage is a waste of time. Bears have acute sense of smell and they know how to dig.
If a bear approaches you while fishing, stop fishing. If there is a fish on the line, do not allow it to splash. If this is not possible, cut the line. If the bear realizes that it can only get fish by approaching the fisherman, it will return again. The bear may also mistake You for another alien bear that is hunting (fishing) on its territory and react very aggressively.
What to do when meeting a bear?
If you see a bear, try to get away from it. Give the bear every opportunity to avoid you. If you encounter a bear, keep calm. Attacks are rare. There’s a chance You’re not in danger. Most bears (bears) are interested in how to protect their food, cubs or their personal space. When the threat is over, they will pass by.
Make yourself known
Let the bear know that You are human. Speak to the bear in a normal voice. Wave your hands. Help the bear recognize You. If the bear can’t recognize who you Are, it can come closer or stand on its hind legs to get a better look or sniff. Standing bear usually shows curiosity, it is not dangerous. You can try to slowly move back diagonally, but if the bear starts following You, stop and don’t move.
In any case, don’T RUN. You will not be able to escape from the bear. It was found that they run at a speed of about 60 km / h, and like dogs, they will chase a fleeing animal or person. This animal takes the animal running from it for a victim and easily kills in 90% of cases out of 100. Often bears intimidate, catch up with horror, sometimes 3 meters from their enemy, without trying to make an attack. Keep waving your hands and talking to the bear. If the bear gets too close, raise your voice and become more aggressive. Knock on pots and pans. Never imitate a bear’s growl or scream shrilly.
If the bear attacks
If the bear starts attacking, give up! Fall to the ground and pretend to be dead. Lie on your stomach or curl up, hands behind your head. It is typical for a bear to stop attacking if it feels that the threat has been eliminated. Remain motionless for as long as possible. If you move and the bear sees or hears you, it can return and resume its attack. In rare cases, an attacking bear may mistake a person for food.
Protection from a bear
Use weapons with caution as an alternative to a reasonable approach to resolving a likely conflict. You can only shoot a bear in self-defense during an attack, if you did not provoke it and if there is no other way out. In all other cases, it is necessary to make a warning shot in the air to scare the bear. If you are not a hunter, but a fisherman and you do not have a gun, take a traumatic pistol with stun cartridges or a rocket launcher (“hunter’s signal”). They should always be at hand (on the belt in the waist holster, in the bosom, in the body holster). If there is no such thing, ordinary firecrackers are quite suitable. In no case do not leave the camp without a tool that guarantees a shot or a noise clap if necessary.
In normal life, collisions with people with bears are milder. Usually, the smartest person gives way first. Bears almost always do this. If the bear does try to get close, 90 percent of the time a sharp whistle or unexpected slap in the palm of the hand is enough to make the animal run away. If it continues to approach, the next remedy is to throw a pebble at it. It usually works. Some hunters claim that a good mate helps from a bear.
Bears are afraid of the unexpected. For example, unexpectedly opening umbrellas, especially if they have two large eyes drawn on them. Suddenly open the floor of a raincoat or unexpectedly thrown up a backpack. Any unexpected behavior.The greatest troubles have to be endured from young bears actively exploring the world around them, as well as from Mature dominant males who have no enemies in the wild and have forgotten how to give way.
When you are in bearish places, don’t forget to look back sometimes!There is nothing worse than facing a beast suddenly – it can perceive it as an act of aggression.Some hunting stores sell a protective spray containing red pepper extract, which is successfully used to protect against bears. These sprays are effective at a distance of about 5-6 meters. If you wear a spray, keep it handy and know how to use it.
Female bears can be fierce defenders of their young. Getting between a bear and her cubs is a big mistake. A bear can react violently to anything it considers a threat to its cub.
The bear’s rut period begins in June and ends in late July and early August. During this period, the animals are excited, often there are groups of adult animals. There are demonstrative contests and fights between males, in the end, the female stays with one male, and the others stay close. Males are highly active and aggressive, and the entire period of estrus is near the female.
Cubs appear in January and February. In the Urals, it is not uncommon to find a female with three cubs.
The most likely places to meet a bear
The daily activity of a bear is determined by the season of the year, the availability of feed, and the overall life cycle of the animal. In spring and the first half of summer, bears can feed around the clock, especially in cloudy weather. High daily activity of the bear is maintained until the beginning of the course of salmon and grayling. For a while the bears fall, does not stray far from the feeding grounds, usually in bushes, in private clearings, small forest clumps, hot days can be located in the riparian tall willow or river.
During the mass movement of salmon, daytime activity decreases and shifts to the evening, morning and night hours. If there is a lack of food (especially when the fish is weak), the activity of bears increases, and they feed on berry fields, in cedar elms, or in mountain meadows at almost any time of the day. For recreation, the bear usually settles under the canopy of coniferous trees, and the beds can be used repeatedly. In the semi-darkness and in the forest thicket, the bear feels much more confident than a person.